What is Vitamin B12 ?
Vitamin B 12 is important in many aspects.
It regulates DNA production in red blood cells.
It helps to absorb folic acid.
Plays important role in neuronal functions.
Promotes energy release from cells.
What are the sources of Vitamin B12 ?
Foods rich in B12
Few nutritional yeasts.
Fortified foods -soya milk, breakfast cereals.
What happens in B12 deficiency ?
Deficiency of B12 leads to
Megaloblastic Anemia and neuronal dysfuction.
Patients may have complaints of
Constipation or diarrhea.
Sore mouth or toungue.
Pale or yellowish skin.
Who are at risk for B12 deficiency?
People at Risk
People with small intestinal problems like coeliacdisease, IBD, Crohns, sugery
Those with pernicious anemia.
What to do in deficiency?
In the form of oral medication or injectables.
Teens and adults 2-4 mcg/Day
Pregnancy and lactation 2.6 to 2.8 mcg/day
How Do I test for B12?
testing for B12
No fasting is needed.
Performed on fully automated CLIA platform.
Normal range is 200-911 mcg